3 medal set from the DDR in the original box.
Medal 1 is Rudolf Abel Ivanovitch (1903-1971) He was a Russian intelligents officer who worked for the KGB and was a spy in the U.S. He was captured in 1957 and sentenced 30 years in prison. He was released in 1961 and exchanged for captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers. On the back the medal says:”Scouts Fight As Internationalists”.
Medal 2 is Harro Schulze-Boysen (1909-1942). He was a German publicist and Luftwaffe officer who would become a leading German resistance fighter as a member of the anti-fascist resistance group that was later called the Red Orchestra (Rote Kapelle) by the Gestapo, during World War II. He was arrested and executed in 1942. The back of the medal says:”Patriot Internationalist Revolutionairy Fighter”.
Medal 3 is Richard Sorge (1895-1944). Richard Sorge was a German journalist and Soviet military intelligence officer, active before and during World War II, working undercover as a German journalist in both Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. His codename was “Ramsay”. A number of famous personalities considered him one of the most accomplished spies.
Sorge is most famous for his service in Japan in 1940 and 1941, when he provided information about Adolf Hitler’s plan to attack the Soviet Union. In mid-September 1941, he informed the Soviets that Japan would not attack the Soviet Union in the near future. Various writers have speculated that this information allowed Stalin to transfer 18 divisions, 1,700 tanks, and over 1,500 aircraft from Siberia and the Far East to the Western Front against the western Axis Powers during the Battle for Moscow.
A month later Sorge was arrested in Japan on the count of espionage. He was tortured, forced to confess, tried, and hanged in November 1944. He was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1964. The back of the medal says:”Hot Heart, Cool Head, Clean Hands”.