3 porcelain medal set in the orginal box from the DDR. In great condition.
Medal 1 is Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German thinker and philosopher. He created the workers movement. His most important work is Das Kapital and the Communist Manifest. Bassicly he was the inventor of communism. His work and thoughts are called Marxism. Lenin was a strong believer of Marxism when he was turning Russia into the first communist state after the October Revolution in 1917. Friedrich Engels was his lifetime friend and was supporting Karl financially and publiced many of Karl Marx writings after the death of Karl.
Medal 2 is Friedrich Engels (1820–1895). He was a German philosopher, historian, communist, social scientist, sociologist, journalist and businessman. His father was an owner of large textile factories in England.
Engels developed what is now known as Marxist theory together with Karl Marx and in 1845 he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in English cities. In 1848, Engels co-authored The Communist Manifesto with Marx and also authored and co-authored (primarily with Marx) many other works. Later, Engels supported Marx financially, allowing him to do research and write Das Kapital. After Marx’s death, Engels edited the second and third volumes of Das Kapital. Additionally, Engels organised Marx’s notes on the Theories of Surplus Value, which were later published as the “fourth volume” of Das Kapital. In 1884, he published The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State on the basis of Marx’s ethnographic research.
Medal 3 Lenin’s original name was Vladimir Iljitsj Oeljanov. He lived from 1870-1924. He was a revolutionairy and the first leader of the Soviet Union.
His political and social ideas, known as Leninism, was based on the social ideas of Karl Marx, called Marxism. After the october revolution in 1917 he was the first leader of the Soviet Union and put in place the first communist party and the first communist state in the world. His supporters were called the Bolsheviks and they were led by Stalin. In the early 20’s Lenin had a series of strokes on wich he died in 1924. After losing is ability to speak.
Lenin’s body was embalmed to preserve it for long term public display in the Red Square mausoleum. During this process, Lenin’s brain was removed. Lenin’s body is still on display.
It is assumed that Lenin’s alias was chosen from the river Lena. One of the longest river in the world.