Published: 12-13 December 1971
Polish newspaper „Zycie Warszawy” (Life of Warsaw) issued on the historic day of assignating Edward Gierek on the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers’ Party and establishing new Party Authorities 12-13 December 1971. Newspaper has some minor tears on margins and one on the first page in the middle.
Edward Gierek – at the end of the 1960s, he became the natural leader of the party and after the bloody suppressed speech of the workers in December 1970, he replaced the compromised Władysław Gomułka as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers’ Party. During his reign, many large investments were made, financed by Western loans. Built, among others Huta Katowice and Northern Port. Consumption developed, and the living standards increased noticeably within a few years. The borders were partially opened, giving thousands of Poles the opportunity to travel to the West. After the uprising of “Solidarity” he was forced to resign. In July 1981 he was removed from the party as a person co-responsible for the political and economic crisis. He was interned during martial law. He made no attempt to return to politics and settled in Ustroń.