This pin says:”Bashkir”.
Bashkir was a autonomous Soviet Socialistic Republic. Currently it is known as Bashkortostan. Originally this region was inhabited with Turkish nomad people. Russians arrived in the mid-16th century, founding the city of Ufa, now the republic’s capital. Numerous local uprisings broke out in opposition to the settlement of larger Russian populations in the centuries that followed. The Bashkirs finally give up nomadic life in the 19th century, adopting the agricultural lifestyle that remains their primary means of support. The traditional clan-based social structure has largely disappeared.
The republic has rich mineral resources, especially petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, manganese, copper, salt, and construction stone. The Soviet government built a variety of heavy industries on that resource base.